“Elegant music. The fortepiano adjusts to fashion”
During the era of Enlightenment, education included calligraphy, rhetoric, poetry and music among other subjects. Many paintings from the 18th century prove the importance that playing an instrument had for the aristocrats, highlighting mostly the fortepiano and more specifically the square piano, considered as the new “objet de vertû” and luxury object. It was the time when the fortepiano became a “must-have”, an essential part of the living room, integrated as part of the furniture.
The piano builders had to provide the most exquisite and refined designs, not only for the exterior but also for the mechanism; composers demanded new features, subtle differences in timbre, effects, larger range…a continuous development linked to the evolution of musical taste.
-Sonata Op. 25 nº5 in F sharp minor (12’). Muzio Clementi (1752-1832)
I. Più tosto allegro con espressione
II. Lento e patetico
-Sonata nº6, Kv. 284 in D Major (23’). Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791)
II. Rondeau en Polonaise. Andante
III. Thema und 12 Variationen
-Capriccio Op. 17 in B flat Major (5’). Muzio Clementi (1752-1832)
-Sonata nº8 Op.13 in C minor (20’). Ludwig Van Beethoven (1770-1827)
I. Grave; allegro di molto e con brio.
II. Adagio cantabile.
III. Rondo: allegro